Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Within the German government, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is responsible for Germany's official development policy. The BMZ's task is to determine the objectives of German development policy, to negotiate with about 80 partner countries worldwide regarding bilateral cooperation, and to play a part in shaping multilateral cooperation. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the United Nations constitutes the international framework for Germany's development policy. A special focus for the BMZ is creating better opportunities in the countries where refugees originate. Other important topics are global food security, sustainable economic development and climate action. The Ministry has its headquarters in Bonn and Berlin. The BMZ also has some staff seconded to German embassies in its partner countries and to international organisations. For the implementation of its projects, the BMZ relies on the following organisations among others: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), KfW Group, and Engagement Global – Service for Development Initiatives.
Tourism in development cooperation
Sustainable development through tourism is – not only due to its economic potential – also a field of activity in development cooperation. In total, three projects that focus on tourism and about fifty projects that have tourism components are currently being implemented. In the area of tourism, the BMZ seeks to utilise the potential of tourism for sustainable economic development while minimising any negative impacts on for example the global climate or the environment. The fundamental principles of German development cooperation, such as gender equality and social justice, are always taken into account. Promoting vocational training in the tourism sector is another important element of the BMZ's work.
Mountains, extinct volcanos, valleys, high plateaus as well as secluded coasts and numerous beaches: Turkey combines many regions with different geographical characteristics and offers a diverse natural landscape.
The Turkish Aegean coast is perfect for those who love to take a bath in the sea as well as for watersport enthusiasts. From secluded beaches in the North to trendy bays all around Izmir and Bodrum in the South – the country offers something for everyone. Golfers enjoy their time at the Turkish Riviera where around 17 golf courses attract to the greens with their challenging fairways, imbedded into a fascinating landscape. The resorts Antalya and Alanya are also especially popular with tourists. Those who like to hike can discover the region for example on the Lycian way which guides alongside wild cliff coasts and leads to deserted bays.
Central Anatolia impresses with its unique beauty of nature: deep gorges, high cones of extinct volcanos as well as golden cornfields shape the picture of the landscape. The most beautiful and most bizarre area of Anatolia is Kappadokia.
In the Turkish Black Sea region tourists still experience pristine landscapes: deciduous and coniferous forests alternate with beautiful meadow country sides as well as rhododendron slopes. All over the region there are ethnic fishermen’s houses and wooden mountain shelters. This region is especially known for its tea plantations in the East near Trabzon. The landscaped diversity of East Anatolia offers all visitors an impressive setting and surprises its visitors with forests, waterfalls, green meadows, the snow-capped summit of the biblical mountain Ağrı, the huge Van-sea as well as the desert-like steppe of the mesopotamic lowlands.
Turkey persuades especially with its hospitable habitants. On top of that, the holiday destination is easily accessible by each German airport and provides a really good performance-ratio in the most outstanding hotels. It also offers an excellent cuisine which is as diverse as the regions themselves. The origin of many dishes can be traced back to the nomadic people of the early Turkish nation like different types of bread baked in clay ovens as well as the yoghurt- and lamb dishes. Since 2015 the kitchen of the South Anatolic city Gazientep is part of the Creative Cities Network of the UNESCO and belongs to the most important gastronomical cities worldwide.
Gaziantep is famous for its food culture and its big variety of local specialties: Those are Dolma with dried eggplants, Kebab and Köfte as well as Turkish pastries like Katmer. The Antep-pistachio is also well-known and one of the main ingredients of the famous dessert Baklava. It is also the symbol of the Antep-cuisine.
Turkey visitors can get inspired by the wide cultural offer: 200 ancient sites, 146 museums, 15 UNESCO-world heritages as well as a vivid theatre scene call for an extensive discovery journey: Troja, Pergamon, Milet, Ephesos or Aspendos – tourists can encounter imposing remains of the ancient sites in every Turkish region.